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Cecilia Walls

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Qatar pays migrants as little as 75 cents an hour

Migrant workers building the stadium for Qatar’s 2022 World Cup have been earning as little as 75 cents an hour despite the Gulf Kingdom spending $225bn on infrastructure, The Guardian revealed. More than 100 workers are labouring in ferocious desert heat on the 40,000 seat stadium. There has been an international outcry over the deaths of hundreds of migrant builders from construction and traffic accidents, suicides and heart failure. Low pay, late pay and even no pay are now an increasing concern. Payslips show they are toiling up to 30 days a month for $8.25 a day. Stadium workers also told the Guardian that their passports were being held by their manager, which is an abuse of the country’s migrant labour sponsorship system. One laborer was hired on a monthly salary of $230 and worked 64 hours overtime in April. He was paid $48 for the overtime, making his overtime rate 75 cents an hour. His basic salary, if he worked the maximum 48 hour week allowed, was $1.08 per hour. Qatar is spending about $4bn building eight stadiums for the World Cup. http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/video/2014/jul/28/qatar-world-cup-workers-video

‘Week 1- Terms, Definitions and Initial Ideas for Research Paper’

Cecilia Walls ‘Week 1- Terms, Definitions and Initial Ideas for Research Paper’

What is situational rhetoric (exigence, audience, constraints)? Give an example that illustrates your explanation.

            Situational rhetoric is being able to analyze and draw conclusions from a situation. There are three parts to Situational rhetoric. Realizing there is a need to be filled or state of affairs that attention has been called upon and needs fixed (exigence). Then develops the person, team of people, company, etc… that has the solutions-at least ideas and/ or beginnings of solutions- capable and willing to fix the need (audience). Last, there is going to be a limit or boundary to how this need can be fulfilled (constraint).

            Here is an example of situational rhetoric. There are timeless and precious pieces of art, famous and appreciated around the globe that are regrettably beginning to show their age. Curators from various museums, art lovers and art philanthropists alike all convene to come up with a plan for restoration of the pieces. They all understand some of the paintings, watercolors and oils may not stand a chance against the sometimes harsh chemicals and procedures that must be undergone in order for the late artist’s works to have new life breathed into them again. There is also time to be taken into account. The paintings have become very delicate and must be handled with the utmost caution and care for the restorations to be successful.

What is the rhetorical triangle? How would you explain this to a friend?

            The Rhetorical Triangle is a literal triangle to keep in mind when you are practicing rhetoric as either a consumer or a producer that encourages a consistent flow between the rhetor, his or her audience and the purpose for the rhetoric. At the top of the Triangle is the Rhetor. The rhetor is You, as the writer or designer of the rhetoric. Because of this position and because of what you are asking in the situation of the rhetoric, the Ethos is now being initiated in the three rhetorical devices of rhetoric. The bottom right corner holds down the Purpose of your persuasion and involves the Logos, or logic of the rhetor’s purpose. At the bottom left corner, you find the Audience, whose focus should never be lost sight of. This is where Pathos kicks in with emotion to reel in the audience and seal the rhetor’s purpose.

            I could share this information with my friend who sells cosmetics. I would briefly describe the rhetorical triangle to her-she would get it because she is a smarty pants- then she could use it to sell her product. I would tell her how she could be the rhetor as the saleswoman, professionally and knowledgeably pointing out the benefits of day cream to the ladies at work. With a little persuasion and free samples of the fountain of youth (with the ingredients listed on the side), she has shown her purpose. Now that she has a cosmetically enthralled audience, she can appeal to their pathos, “…younger looking skin, less lines around your eyes and lips, brighter eyes.”

What are the three Aristotelian rhetorical devices that help influence readers/listeners? Provide an example where you could use the three Aristotelian rhetorical devices to help your case?

            The three Aristotelian rhetorical devices that help influence readers and listeners are the Logos, the Ethos and the Pathos. The Logos appeals to the logical sense in people- when they are thinking they want to be told the facts or the science about a topic. The Ethos appeals to the reputation of the speaker. Ethos speaks for a subject’s character through actions. And Pathos appeals to emotions. It is the ‘Why’ factor that you want to instill in your rhetoric to have the audience care about what you have to say.

            The Aristotelian Logos, Ethos, Pathos could be used in the following manner. My son likes to dawdle in the mornings getting ready for school. He will play with his cars when is supposed to be getting dressed. He will play with the cat when he is supposed to be brushing his teeth and washing his face. I remind my seven year old that if he does not quicken his pace so we can get downstairs for breakfast and making lunches, we will have to rush through the rest of our morning and might be late for school. That lights a little fire. He doesn’t like to rush but he abhors being late for school. I also remind him that we bought Reese cups-his favorite of favorites- at the grocery the other day and the sooner he gets his day going, the sooner he can get back home and enjoy a couple of them after he has eaten something good for dinner. (Would I have exploited my Ethos as a mother?)

What is digital rhetoric?

      Digital rhetoric is rhetoric that is created electronically. Examples could be blogs or emails, word processed documents, videos, chats, YouTube and Facebook, television and computer advertisements.

 What is a multimodal composition and how does it differ from an alphabetic composition?

      A multimodal composition includes effects such as sound and pictures in its presentation and is not only a written piece of work such as an alphabetic composition is.

 What does the word ‘affordance’ mean? Give an example.

      ‘Affordance’ means certain measures, levels, expectations, angles have been or should have been thought of to make a circumstance the most appropriate it can be.

 An example would be, the buttons on the dashboard in a car must be designed to have the most affordances for the driver’s comfort or the design of the dashboard will have failed.  

 What is the difference between multimodal and multimedia?

      Multimodal is the medium-the channel- in which the info is travelling and Multimedia is the actual content-the elements-being sent. 

What is one idea you have for your research paper? How might you incorporate images, sounds and videos into your paper?

I love the violin. I haven’t picked the instrument up in a while-about six months and before that is was years- but, my fingers and heart still remember. I am thinking of doing a history of the violin, from its beginnings to its electronic uses today. Some violins don’t even look like violins anymore, the bodies are almost completely gone because their sound has become so synthesized. I would put pictures and video clips of how violins used to be carved in my paper and how they are manufactured nowadays. I could use video clips of violinist playing, and pictures of some of the old great violinist that are no longer living.